The second part of the ON TRIPS agreement deals with different types of intellectual property rights and their protection. The aim is to ensure that minimum standards of protection are organised in all WTO members. The starting point is the commitment of the main international agreements of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), which existed before the creation of the WTO: the EU`s common trade policy is one of the areas in which the Union as such has full and exclusive competence. In other words, the EU is a single player in the WTO and is represented by the Commission and not by the Member States. The Commission negotiates trade agreements and defends the EU`s interests before the WTO`s dispute settlement body on behalf of the 28 member states. The Commission regularly consults and reports to the Council and the European Parliament on the content and strategy of multilateral discussions. Under the Lisbon Treaty, the Council and Parliament are co-legislators who have an equal say in international trade. Since 2001, WTO members have been conducting a broad round of multilateral trade negotiations, known as the Doha Round or the Doha Development Agenda (DDP), the main objective of which is to place development at the centre of the global trading system. The Doha negotiations aim to give developing countries a growing role and strengthen their capacity to take advantage of international trade and help them fight poverty. This conference is a forum where parliamentarians from around the world exchange views, information and experiences on international trade issues.
Participants oversee WTO activities; Promote the effectiveness and fairness of the WTO; Promote transparency in WTO procedures; Improve dialogue between governments, parliaments and civil society; influence on the direction of discussions within the WTO; and building the capacity of national parliaments on international trade. Copyright and trade secrets are automatically protected under certain conditions. They do not need to be registered and therefore there is no need to disclose, for example, the structure of copyrighted software. Among these agreements, the ip rights trade (TRIPS) aspects are expected to have the greatest impact on the pharmaceutical sector and access to medicines. The TRIPS agreement has been in force since 1995 and is the most comprehensive multilateral IP agreement to date. The TRIPS agreement introduced global minimum standards for the protection and enforcement of almost all forms of intellectual property rights (IPRs), including patent rights. International agreements prior to TRIPS did not contain minimum patent standards. At the time negotiations began, more than 40 countries around the world did not grant patent protection for pharmaceuticals.
The TRIPS agreement now requires all WTO members, with a few exceptions, to adapt their legislation to minimum standards of intellectual property protection. In addition, the TRIPS agreement introduced detailed obligations to respect intellectual property rights. The current WTO impasses are also a sign that the international trading system has changed considerably over the past 20 years. The system has evolved and new players – mainly transition and developing countries – are playing a central role. The liberalization of the international trading system has benefited some developing countries that have experienced a period of unprecedented economic growth. The EU is well aware of this new dynamic. He stressed the need to go beyond the negotiating approach of recent years and to explore innovative approaches to address the growing importance of regulatory issues in relation to tariffs.