The U.S.-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement, officially titled Enduring Strategic Partnership Agreement between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the United States of America[1], is an agreement between Afghanistan and the United States[2] that provides the long-term framework for relations between Afghanistan and the United States of America following the withdrawal of U.S. forces in the war in Afghanistan. [3] The Strategic Partnership Agreement came into force on July 4, 2012, as U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on July 8, 2012 at the Tokyo Conference on Afghanistan: « Like a number of countries represented here, the United States and Afghanistan signed a strategic partnership agreement that came into effect four days ago. » [5] Afghanistan and the United States signed the BSA, signed through U.S. Ambassador James B. Cunningham and Afghan National Security Adviser Mohammad Hanif, on September 30, 2014, in a cordial ceremony at the Presidential Palace in Kabul, Afghanistan. [97] [99] On that day was also signed the NATO Troop Status Agreement, which provides Allied forces and partner countries with the legal protection necessary to implement NATO`s resolute support mission when the International Security Assistance Force ends in 2014. [100] According to the Christian Science Monitor, concerns have been expressed about the agreement regarding the end of combat operations and the withdrawal of troops earlier than planned, particularly with regard to the security of Afghanistan. The newspaper said anti-Afghanistan fighters continued to launch attacks against Western troops and that the Afghan army and police were not ready to take responsibility for the country`s security. Other concerns raised by the monitor: a possible increase in illicit drug trafficking; negative effects on the economy and social reforms, especially for women and the destabilization of the country that could affect neighbouring countries, Pakistan and Iran. [45] Concerns have also been expressed by Iran; After the announcement, an Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman said the deal would lead to increased instability in Afghanistan due to the continued presence of the United States.